1. The article must be an original piece of work, have novelty, have a significant impact on sociology and education, and have not been published or is not being submitted to another journal.
  2. The article can be written in Bahasa Indonesia or English; English is preferable
  3. The article may take the form of research findings, paperwork, a review of theories or methodology, a review of policies or social phenomenon, a book review.
  4. The number of words in the article is around 4.500 and must not be more than 6.000, while the book reviews must not be fewer than 1500 and no more than 2500 words. It excludes the bibliography and footnotes. Entries must be in Cambria and single-spaced.
  5. If the article is written in Bahasa, the abstract should be typed in Bahasa and English. Meanwhile, if the article is written in English, the abstract should be typed in English only.
  6. The abstract ranged 150 words (approximately 1,100 to 1,450 characters, including the spaces) and contained only one paragraph, which clearly and completely described the essence of the entire content of the article. Entries must be in 11-point Times New Roman and single-spaced. Please include 3 to 5 words of the keywords.
  7. Journal article should be sent through OJS (Open Journal System) by this website. Author(s) needs to register online by creating an account (username & password on this website before uploading article, to create an account (username & password on this website.
  8. Reference, citations in the text, and footnotes should be written by using Mendeley Manager References in APA (American Psychological Associations) style
  9. Writing any tables; At the top, there is a title and numbering sequentially, as well as at the bottom of the listed data sources:
  10. author(s) profile (full name, affiliation, and e-mail address) is not included in the text when submitting so that the reviewers perform double-blind review.
  11. author(s) must pay attention to various points listed in publication Ethics of the article to be delivered.
  12. By publishing through this journal, author(s) hand over the copy rights of full article (abstract, tables, figures, and illustrations) to Sociology Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang, including the right to republish in any media.

The Guidelines for the Manuscript Body Text


  1. The Title of article reflects the main topics of article. It must be coherent, straightforward, and contain the main variables of the research.
  2. The title is no more than 20 words for Bahasa Indonesia.
  3. Article should start with the title of the article, followed by the author's name, affiliation address and abstract. The author's name must be attached after the title of the article. All authors should be accompanied by an address, including the name of the institution and email address.



  1. The abstract is summary of the articles
  2. The abstract should only be typed in one paragraph with a single space.
  3. The abstract should be typed as concisely as possible and should be composed of a problem statement, method, scientific findings, results, and a short conclusion, or IMRAD (introduction, method, results, analysis, and discussion-conclusion).
  4. The abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. Use words that reflect the precise meaning. Cite no references.


  1. The introduction must contain (shortly and consecutively) a general background and a literature review (state of the art) as the basis of the brand new research question, statements of the brand new scientific article, main research problems, and the hypothesis.
  2. In the final part of the introduction, the purpose of the article should be stated.
  3. In the scientific article format, it is not allowed to write down the references as in the research report. They should be represented in the literature review to show the brand newness of the scientific article.
  4. The content of the introduction is the problem background, hypothesis (if any), significant idea to distinguish with the same issue that has been published, and purpose of the research.


  1. The method is implemented to solve problems, including analytic methods.
  2. The methods used in the problem-solving part of the research are explained in this part.

Results and Discussion:

  1. This part consists of the research results and how they are discussed.
  2. The results obtained from the research have to be supported by sufficient data.
  3. The research results and the discovery must be the answers or the research hypothesis stated previously in the introduction part.


  1. It is the final part, containing conclusions and advice.
  2. The conclusions will be the answers to the hypothesis, the research purposes, and the research discoveries.
  3. The conclusions should not contain only the repetition of the results and discussions. It should be a summary of the research results, as the author expects from the research purposes or the hypothesis.
  4. The advice contains suggestions associated with further ideas from the research.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS: All acknowledgments (if any) should be included at the very end of the paper before the references and may include supporting grants, presentations, and so forth.


  1. All the references used in the article must be listed in this part.
  2. All the references used must be taken from primary sources (80% out of the references are scientific journals)
  3. These scientific journals have been published in the last ten years.
  4. Each article should have at least 10 references.
  5. The bibliography style of Jurnal Paradigma; Journal of Sociology Research and Education is using American Psychological Association (APA) style.