Flobamorata Basic Education Journal: Published by the Primary School Teacher Education Study Program (PGSD), Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Muhammadiyah University Kupang, intended as a medium of information, communication and forum for discussion of knowledge, especially those related to education and teaching of Basic Education from various aspects. This journal contains scientific publication articles based on research results in the field of Basic Education. In accordance with Republic of Indonesia Government Regulation no. 47 of 2008 concerning Compulsory Education, Basic Education is the level of education that underlies secondary education, in the form of Elementary School (SD) and Madrasyah Ibtidaiyah (MI) or other equivalent forms. The editors invite writers, especially educational staff, educational practitioners, scientists and those interested in education and teaching, especially basic education teaching, to share their ideas and study results as well as communicate their scientific findings in this forum to other academic members and the wider community.